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The Blog2019-06-11T11:59:31+00:00
sarah jefford

Hi! I’m Sarah Jefford, an IVF Mum, egg donor, surrogate and family and surrogacy lawyer.

Welcome to the Surrogacy and Donor Conception Blog, with posts about surrogacy, donor conception, laws, news items, and my personal experiences as a donor and surrogate. You can scroll through the posts, search by category or keyword below.

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The Surrogacy Process in Australia

These steps are generally followed for surrogacy arrangements facilitated by a clinic. For traditional surrogacy arrangements not utilising a clinic, parties need to obtain counselling and legal advice prior to conception. Note that the laws vary from State [...]

Do I Qualify for Surrogacy in Australia?

Do I qualify for surrogacy in Australia? The first step when determining whether, as an intended parent, you qualify for surrogacy in Australia, is to work out which laws apply to you. The laws of the State where [...]

So You Want to Be a Surrogate?

So you want to be a surrogate? I remember when I first considered becoming a surrogate - searching everywhere for information and ending up down many an internet rabbit hole. I was excited and nervous; my husband was [...]

When Surrogacy Isn’t Really Surrogacy

The law surrounding children, adoption, parentage and surrogacy is complex. There are several legislative instruments that cover children, and the Family Law Act dedicates almost 200 pages to clauses regarding children’s issues. There’s also many cases that provide [...]

Why Aren’t Surrogacy Agreements Enforceable?

Somewhere in the Top 10 Questions about Surrogacy is: Why aren’t surrogacy agreements enforceable? The answer is both simple and complex, and comes back to two primary concepts. Firstly, the rights and best interests of the child are [...]

Altruistic Surrogacy: How Much Does it Cost?

Intended parents are always keen to know how much surrogacy will cost them. There are so many variables depending on individual circumstances, so it can be hard to give an exact answer to that question. Intended Parents should [...]

Frequently Asked Questions

Wondering if surrogacy is legal in Australia? Thinking about pursuing surrogacy to grow your family? Thinking about being a surrogate to help someone grow theirs? Here's some answers to questions you might have. Don't forget to download your [...]

Commercial Surrogacy and Parentage Orders

People entering into commercial surrogacy overseas are often anxious to know about returning home to Australia with their baby, any consequences, and whether they need to get court orders when they return to Australia. Parentage Orders are made [...]

Applying for a Parentage Order

After a baby is born through an Australian surrogacy arrangement, a Parentage Order is required to transfer parentage from the surrogate and her partner to the intended parents. When the baby is born, the surrogate and her partner [...]

Parenting Orders and Parentage Orders

Parentage Orders are made to transfer parentage from a surrogate and her partner, to the intended parents. These are made in State Courts. These Orders provide for the Birth Certificate to be changed, removing the surrogate and her [...]

DIY Parentage Order: You Can Do It!

Do you want to do your Parentage Order yourself? By the time you have your baby in your arms, you’ve spent considerable money on IVF, legal expenses, counselling and pregnancy and birth expenses for your surrogate…not to mention [...]

Why Surrogacy Agreements are not like Contracts, and How to Write Your Own

A surrogacy agreement is not the same as a commercial contract. The elements of a basic contract include (1) an offer, (2) acceptance, (3) consideration (usually money) and (4) an intention to create a legal relationship. For example, you offer [...]